Ravenhill Russells

Breeding Quality 10-12" AKC Russell Terriers

for Show, Earthdog or Quality Companion Pets

American bred  -  Olde English & Australian lines

ARTC History - AKC Parent Club

By JoAnn Stoll... Pres. and Founder of AKC approved parent club for the American Russell Terrier

The foreign community and Americans who are newcomers to this breed must understand the Americans have English lines imported by Americans from legitimate Hunts in England preserved over the years utilized for work only. These old working lines are recorded in the ARTC, Inc. stud books They were kept by the early American Hunts and individuals who preferred the smaller Jacks to utilize in terrain specific to the US. In 1911 the Shelburne Hunt changed from Drag hunting to fox hunting. They found the the terriers imported into the US prior to that time much too large for fox hunting in the US. The sport of fox hunting became very popular in the US during this time with more early American Hunts taking up the sport. The JRTCA in 1976 was the first breed registry to combine both the leggy and more rectangular types of Jack Russells.However, the more rectangular types were eventually eliminated with their preference for the more elegant leggy types. Due to the popularity for work many Americans remained outside the confines of the JRTCA maintaining strains of the smaller Jack types. In the 50's and 60's Americans on buying trips for hounds in England brought back more the small Jacks purchased from such English hunts as the Warwickshire, Beaufort Hunt, and South Staffordshire just to name a few. Americans imported small Jacks from the Waterford Hunt in Ireland. Many of these old strains are represented in the stud books of the ARTC, Inc. The more recent influx of small hunt terriers imported primarily from Ireland into the US.in the early 1990's do not represent old working strains from England or Ireland. They were crossed with other small companion breeds to minimize their hunting instinct and size for the companion market in the US. Our club was not established until 1995 at which time we began including these old working strains in our registry to preserve the remnants remaining in the US eliminating any influence of the JRTCA type of Jack Russells. We have spent many years preserving and protecting these old English working lines. Always striving to improve the phenotype without sacrificing function or the will to employ to work below ground to seek Kennel Club recognition. We are not as far in development as Australia but we are very protective of our English lines and are constantly striving to improve. There is no reason why we can't all share the love for all Russell/Jack Russell Terriers without prejudice as to what country they represent with respect.

The true English working lines imported into the US directly from England are small in numbers. Their blood can't be duplicated.  If the Americans do not perserve them they will be lost forever and just a page in history. And grand little sporting hunting terriers they are. They may very well be the oldest English lines in the world at this point and time from the research I have done.

BREED STANDARD by

Billie Sumrell, based on ARTC standard.

 

Small, athletic, lithe and tough; these little dogs are as loyal as they are fearless, tenacious as they are endearing. The correct JRT is not overly heavy, or frontloaded and built like torpedo on splayed legs.... nor is he built  with high tuck up and overly long thin legs. His depth of body from wither to brisket should be equal to length of leg from elbow to a moderate foot. He has straight front legs, sometimes with a slight turn out, and with good angles in his rear legs, hocks should be low set and parallel,  perpendicular to the ground. The tail may be uncut or docked so that ideally, if docked, the tip of the tail is level with the top of the ears. It should be carried up, or slightly forward when moving, and may drop when they are standing or at rest.

 

They should NOT be too deep in the chest, there should definitely be some daylight between the underside and the ground; he should have moderate to little tuck up. The length of the body, from wither to base of tail should be slightly longer than tall, so that from point of shoulder to point of buttock, the profile should present a rectangular dog.

 

One of the most important functional physical characteristics a Russell should have is a spanable chest. The ribs should NOT be barrel, nor should they be slab sided (flat), but should be oval shaped and compressable, to enable him to manouver underground in a tunnel or foxhole.. 

 

He should not be overly muscular and should have a very alert demeinor; confident and a bit mischievious; neither viscious or shy. He embodies moderation in all ways from his statue to his muscling, with head, neck and topline flowing smoothly from one to the other.. He is not fragile or "racey", nor does he have overly dense bone and muscling. Looking down on him, shoulder area and hip area should be the same width, with sufficient muscling to pull as well as push his way underground. 

 

 He is built to be able to go to ground as well as give chase to his prey and is an excellent vermin eliminator. He is also used for above ground hunting of rabbit and squirrel.

 

 That being said, he is more than happy to be curled up in your lap, on your bed or in your chair with you; as long as he is in as close proximity to his humans as possible, making him the ideal companion dog in any setting; apartment, subdivision or in the country. He will do anything to be with the people he loves and protects.

 

The AKC, FCI and Australian standard specifies a dog within the 10-12" height range. That does not mean that there are not some excellant dogs out of that range that can make a possitive contribution to the gene pool, but these are the standards for the entries of the show ring. The body must be more rectangular than square, being slightly longer than tall and the proportion of the depth of body to leg length should be 50/50, or as close to that as possible. Stubby legged dogs and "leggy" dogs should be penalized since the former boards on "dwarf" characteristics and the latter is encroaching on the Parson standards.

 

 All of the credible standards mentioned above also note 3 acceptable coat types; a smooth dense coat, a broken coat (which incorporates some characteristics from the smooth and rough) and the rough coat, which is NOT to be soft and wooly, but have a course textered wirey hair that may be up to several inches long, but generally is pretty close lying, except around the face and muzzle, where it is encouraged to grow as full as possible. These are all double coats and meant to protect him from dirt, branbles and harsh weather.

 

TEMPERAMENT

 

They are not a quarelsome dog and will usually not pick a fight. However, they will stand their ground when challenged, no matter how big the opponent is. Many people call this their "Neopoleon" attitude. Often it is said they are a big dog in a small package. Due to the nature of their breeding and purpose, they can "go" for hours; a trait that was needed when they had to keep up with the pack on a fox hunt. Often the smaller JRT was carried in a pouch atttached to the saddle on the back of a horse, and deposited at the opening where the fox had "holed in". Their predominently white coats kept them from being "jumped on" by the fox hounds when they both came shooting out of the hole, and the "hunt" ensued.

 

Constantly "caging" a JRT will frustrate him, but they do crave human companionship, so a compromise has to ensue for the house dogs. These are true hunting terriers and will keep your grounds free of vermin. A well bred terrier will have strong hunting instincts, and will vocalize when they locate prey, detect intruders or when provoked. They are not a "yappy" dog by nature, but will "alarm" with prey or intruders. They are also highly intelligent, which sometimes leads to a "matching of wills". They like to play, but are also content to sit or lay in your lap, chair, bed...anywhere you are. Considering the number of (Jack) Russell terriers in film and TV, the breed shows how versital they are, both in the fields as hunters and in our homes as companion dogs.

 

These dogs are extremely intelligent and crave companionship, attention and interaction. They will keep you "engaged" in life and offer you stress relief from your hectic work schedule.

GO OUT AND PLAY

ARTC, INC.

The ARTC, Inc. is a non profit organization in the state of Kentucky and was established in 1995 by JoAnn Stoll for the Russell Terrier. It was the first registry in the US to separate the Parson Russell Terrier/JRTCA JRT from the Russell Terrier in the US to eventually seek Kennel Club recognition for the breed. The ARTC, Inc. ushered the breed into AKC 2004 and in July 2012 the breed will go into group becoming an official breed.  

AKC Parent Clubs are selected by AKC to preserve and protect the breed. The ARTC, Inc. is the official AKC Parent Club for the Russell Terrier. The Sport of Purebred dogs in AKC has based on tradition handed down through generations. Being a member of any Parent Club is highly regarded within the ranks of AKC. Also highly regarded within AKC is an individuals contribution to the Sport of Purebred Dogs by serving on the club level.  

AKC Judges Seminar Institues require Parent Club approved education material with a representative from the club to present it. Each AKC Parent Club is required to write the breed standard in AKC terminology. The Parent Clubs own their standards giving AKC permission of use. AKC does not accept breed standards from other Kennel Clubs like FCI or ANKC because they are are copy right protected just like the ARTC, Inc. standard.